About us

ETNOFOOR is an anthropological journal that explores current trends in anthropology and scrutinizes its margins. The journal invites debates on new developments and those that enrich the nature of ethnographic praxis. In addition to publishing more traditional-style articles that display conceptual rigour and ethnographic depth, ETNOFOOR also offers an experimental and creative space for contributions that do not fit conventional scientific harnesses, such as photo essays and fictional narratives. All contributions are peer-reviewed.

ETNOFOOR is published twice a year and each issue focuses on a specific theme, such as Freedom, Security, Borders, or Friendship. These themes focus on contemporary trends in the discipline and are chosen by the editors. Each theme is announced through a regular Call for Papers, thereby inviting authors to submit their innovative and thought-provoking ideas. In addition to the various contributions, each issue includes an ‘In Conversation’ and a theme-related book review. For ‘In Conversation’, the editors invite an expert in the field to explicitly engage with the previous issue, to generate a ‘conversation thread’ between authors and other thematic experts.

Each issue is produced as hard copy and is also available digitally through Jstor and Ebsco. For more information about subscriptions and purchases, see under ‘ISSUES’.

Editorial board

Tessa Diphoorn

Tessa Diphoorn

Tessa Diphoorn is an assistant professor at the Department of Cultural Anthropology at Utrecht University. Her research and teaching focuses on security, violence, and policing in Kenya and South Africa. She is also the co-founder and host of the podcast series Travelling Concepts on Air.

Eva van Roekel

Eva van Roekel

Eva van Roekel is an assistant professor at the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Her research and teaching expertise are violence, morality, human rights and natural resources in Venezuela and Argentina. She is also an independent filmmaker and co-founder of the storytelling platform DoKumento.

Erella Grassiani

Erella Grassiani

Erella Grassiani is an Associate Professor at the Department of Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam. Her work focuses on militarism, violence, nationalism and private security in Israel/Palestine and beyond. She is the author of Soldiering under Occupation: Processes of Numbing among Israeli soldiers in the Al-Aqsa Intifada (2013 Berghahn Books).

Thijs Schut

Thijs Schut

Thijs Schut is an anthropologist at the University of Amsterdam. His main interests include youth, entrepreneurship, and rural change. Thijs has extensive fieldwork experience, mainly in East Indonesia.

Nikki Mulder

Nikki Mulder

Nikki Mulder is a PhD candidate at the department of Cultural Anthropology at Leiden University. Her dissertation research focuses on life insurance, death, and relationships of care in New Orleans. She has previously worked as a journalist in Suriname and as a policy officer at NWO, the Dutch Research Council.

Gijs Cremers

Gijs Cremers

Gijs Cremers is a PhD candidate at the University of Amsterdam. His research interests include human-environment interactions, tourism and travel, infrastructure, and the anthropology of landscape. His regional focus is Latin America, specifically Guatemala and the Peruvian Andes.

Luuk Slooter

Luuk Slooter

Luuk Slooter is an Assistant Professor at the Conflict Studies section of the History Department at Utrecht University. His research focuses on urban violence, social/spatial marginalization and policing. He is the author of The Making of the Banlieue (2019, Palgrave) and Geweld (2021, Singel Uitgeverijen, with Jolle Demmers).

Lex Kuiper

Lex Kuiper

Lex Kuiper is a Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Anthropology, University of Amsterdam. His research deals with hopelessness, boredom and the experience of time among participants in a methadone maintenance programme in Indonesia.

Author guidelines

Authors should double-space the entire document, including an abstract, notes and references (as an e-mail attachment) in Word to: editors@etnofoor.nl.

All articles should have a maximum word count of 8,000 words. This includes all references and footnotes. Use clear document names that include your surname. State your e-mail address at the end of the text (before the Notes). © Copyright belongs to ETNOFOOR. Permission for reproduction or reprint is usually granted if requested in advance. Please carefully follow the instructions below.

The submitted article should adhere to the following format:

Title (bold, initial capitals)
Subtitle (bold, initial capitals)

Author (John Johnson)
Affiliation (University of Toronto) (next line)

Etnofoor articles do not have the heading ‘introduction’. An introduction should state a clear question and preferably situate the article in an ongoing debate. To indicate a new paragraph, use a hard return and one Tab (do not skip a line and/or use spaces to indent and do not indent a paragraph under a title, heading, table or figure).

(after section)
Heading (bold, lowercase)

Skip two lines before and one after each section heading. Use bold and lower case in section headings (example: ‘The art of writing’). Do not use numbers.

Writing it right
Skip one line before each subsection heading (the text should follow without skipping a line). Use lower case in subsection headings. Do not use numbers.

Please state your e-mail address at the end of the text, after two blank lines:

E-mail: […]@[…]


If applicable, appear after your contact information at the end of the text under the heading


List notes as endnotes after your contact information at the end of the text (or after the acknowledgements) and indicate them with the heading Notes. In the text, the note number should follow a full stop. Do not give full references in notes.


  • Following notes at the end of the article. Always indicate a list of literature as References.
  • Do not use blank lines between the authors and their works.
  • Ensure that the list is in alphabetical order and with multiple references per author, start with the most recent publication.
  • Use a colon between the title and sub-title.
  • All titles must be capitalized.
  • With edited volumes, use a colon after In:
  • Translated works should be referenced as: (translated by (full name))
  • Do not mention the State with American publishers.
  • Following notes at the end of the article. Always indicate a list of literature as References.
  • Do not use blank lines between the authors and their works.
  • Ensure that the list is in alphabetical order and with multiple references per author, start with the most recent publication.
  • Use a colon between the title and sub-title.
  • All titles must be capitalized.
  • With edited volumes, use a colon after In:
  • Translated works should be referenced as: (translated by (full name))
  • Do not mention the State with American publishers.

Trocki, Carl A.
1979 Prince of Pirates: The Temenggongs and the Development of Johor and Singapore 1784-1885. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

Publication with more than one author
Abrahamsen, Rita and Michael C. Williams.
2011 Security Beyond the State: Private Security in International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Edited volume
Pugh, Michael (ed.)
1994 Maritime Security and Peacekeeping: A Framework for United Nations Operations. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Article in journal
Ellen, Eric
1989 Contemporary Piracy. Californian Western International Law Journal 21(1): 123-128.

Article in edited volume
Scott, David
1994 Piracy, Terrorism, and Crime at Sea. In: P.T. Haydon and A.L. Griffiths (eds.), Maritime Security and Conflict Resolution at Sea in the Post-Cold War Era. Halifax: Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University. Pp. 22-39.

More than one publication by an author
Chalk, Peter
1998a Low Intensity Conflict in Southeast Asia: Piracy, Drug Trafficking and Political Terrorism. Conflict Studies 1(1): 1-36.
1998b Contemporary Maritime Piracy in Southeast Asia. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 21(2): 87-112.
1997 Gray Area Phenomena in Southeast Asia: Piracy, Drug Trafficking and Political Terrorism. Canberra: SDSC.

Translated work
Levi-Strauss, Claude
1973 The Savage Mind (translated by John and Doreen Weightman). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

References and quotations in the text

  • Use parenthetical author-year-page references in the text and separate references by a semicolon (Johnson 1983: 11; Ellen 1989: 238-239).
  • Separate references to the same author by a comma (Acheson 1981, 1983).
  • The references should appear in chronological order, starting from the oldest (Johnson1983:11; Ellen 1989: 238-239).
  • Do not use & but ‘and’ when referring to co-authored work (McCay and Acheson 1989).
  • If the original year of a publication differs from the edition used, indicate this as follows:Jansen (1969 [1873]). In References: 1969 [1873].
  • If a publication has more than three authors, only mention the first followed by ‘et al.’
  • When citing an author twice in a row use ‘ibid.’
  • If the year of publication is unknown, use the indication n.d. (Gordon n.d.).
  • Carefully check whether all references in the text are also mentioned in the list of referencesand vice versa.

Refer to websites in notes (do not italicize) as: (accessed on 3 October 2018).

References to newspaper articles and magazines should not be annotated in the References but either in the text (in parentheses, italicize the name of the newspaper or magazine, comma, date – e.g., Herald Tribune, 20 November, 2001) or in a note (idem, without parentheses).

Quotes and quotation marks

  • Use single inverted commas to mark quotes and ‘as if’ words. Use double inverted commasonly for quotes and “as if” words within quotes.
  • Quotes of more than three lines should be indented without inverted commas (only usesingle inverted commas for quotes and ‘as if’ words within indented quotes). Skip a line before and after an indented quote.
  • When leaving out words from a quotation, indicate this with three dots …
  • When substituting words or adding an explanation within a quotation, use squareparentheses []. Also use square parentheses when changing lower/upper case into upper/lower case, for example, ‘[I]n some instances, ….’
  • Within a quote, the full stop or comma should come after the closing inverted comma, suchas ‘Teresa told me that’. Other punctuation marks, such as quotation marks or exclamation points, will come within the quote and before the inverted comma, such as ‘Can you believe it?’
  • When adding emphasis, state added emphasis, such as (Grassiani 2013: 14, emphasis added).
  • Spelling: consequently use UK spelling.
  • Oxford comma: Please use the Oxford comma rule (‘ the first, second, and third’)
  • Do not use abbreviations (for example instead of e.g.; et cetera instead of etc.; that is instead of i.e.; per cent instead of %).
  • Italicize words you want to emphasize or non-English words (raison d’être, Weltanschauung). Do not italicize names of institutions but do use initial capitals (for example: United Nations).
  • All numbers below 20 should be spelled out and all numbers above twenty should be in numbers. Examples: nineteen and 20.
  • Acronyms: in small capitals (ᴀꜱᴇᴀɴ instead of ASEAN).
  • Enumerations should be preceded by a colon (:) and separated by semicolons (;) or placed on new lines using numbers, bullets or dashes.
  • Illustrations are very welcome, please send them in 300 DPI to editors@etnofoor.nl. Photos, drawings or maps must be numbered and accompanied by an italicized caption in lower case (e.g., Photo 1. Mrs. Pearson in front of her shop). Illustrations should be of a high quality and submitted camera ready or as .jpg or .tif files. Clearly indicate in the text where illustrations should appear.
  • Tables and graphs should be numbered and have italicized captions in lower case (for example: Table 1. Estimated growth of Xu Wei’s population). Clearly indicate in the text where tables and graphs should appear.
  • Dashes: indicate dashes as: space-dash-space [−].
  • The quality of the English is the author’s responsibility. The ETNOFOOR editors reserve the right to refuse an article if the quality of English is too poor.